Programme Design for Building Resilience and Adapting to Climate Change
Programme design plays a critical role in determining the impact of resilience and adaptation interventions. This learning paper summarises the extent to which the design of Building Resilience and Adapting to Climate Change (BRACC) and the multiple consortium implementation model contributed to the programme aim of integrated resilience.
The BRACC programme comprises multiple components, each implemented by different organisations and consortia: PROSPER (implemented by a consortium of UN agencies and NGOs), Social protection for ultra poor people in Malawi (implemented by GIZ), Building climate resilience in communities surrounding protected areas (implemented by African Parks), Modern Cooking for Healthy Forests (implemented by a consortium led by Tetratech) and the BRACC Knowledge and Policy Hub (implemented by a consortium led by NIRAS-LTS International).
Key findings of the evaluation showed that the multi-consortium model was effective in bringing together diverse actors to build Malawi's resilience and support the country's adaptation to climate change, whilst the novel consortium configurations contributed to collective learning and change. The integrated approach to resilience building also enabled overcoming of organisational silos. Effective coordination was enabled by consortium coordinators and engagement that allowed for the building of trusted relationships, whilst the adaptive programme environment enabled co-exploration and collaboration.
In terms of recommendations for future similar programmes, funders should clearly communicate expectations around coordination and learning in call documents, invest in early relationship building, and try and synchronise start dates for different components. Coordinating units and coordinators should set out a governance structure in which power imbalances between partnering organisations can be addressed, and coordinate communication channels to engage diverse stakeholders.